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MMPI®-A Overview

An empirically based measure of adolescent psychopathology, the MMPI-A test contains adolescent-specific scales and tailored reports for particular settings to aid in problem identification, diagnosis, and treatment planning in youth.


The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A), published in 1992 by the University of Minnesota Press, is the first MMPI instrument designed specifically for use with adolescents. The test booklet was adapted from the original MMPI and the MMPI-2, the latter a revised version of the test for adults. The MMPI-A is a self-report instrument designed to aid in the assessment of a wide range of clinical conditions. The MMPI-A, like all MMPI instruments, is available for purchase from Pearson Assessments.

MMPI-A Basic Information

- Test Authors

1992 Manual:  James N. Butcher, Ph.D., Carolyn L. WIlliams, Ph.D, John R. Graham, Ph.D., Robert P.    Archer, Ph.D., Auke Tellegen, Ph.D., Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Ph.D., and Beverly Kaemmer

2006 Manual Supplement:  John R. Graham, Ph.D., Robert P. Archer, Ph.D., Auke Tellegen, Ph.D., Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Ph.D., and Beverly Kaemmer

- Publisher: University of Minnesota Press

- Distributor: Pearson Assessments

- Date of Publication: 1992 (Manual), 2006 (Manual Supplement)

- Administration: Computer, CD, or paper-and-pencil

- Length: 478 True-False items

- Administration Time: Approximately 60 minutes

- Minimum Reading Level: 4.9 grade (Lexile average), 4.4 grade (Flesch-Kincaid)

- Ages: 14-18 years

- Norm Group: The MMPI-A normative sample consists of 1,620 adolescents (805 boys; 815 girls) between 14 and 18 years of age who were selected as representative of the U.S. population.

The Adolescent Interpretive System of the Minnesota Report, written by notable MMPI experts James N. Butcher and Carolyn L. Williams, is available for practitioners to assist in their MMPI-A interpretations.