Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools

Navigation

City Choreographer

Lawrence Halprin in Urban Renewal America

2014
Author:

Alison Hirsch

City Choreographer

How Lawrence Halprin’s choreographic design method mitigated the alienating effects of urban renewal and enriched contemporary urban design

City Choreographer interprets and explains the participatory design process that was central to the work of landscape architect Lawrence Halprin. Situating Halprin within the larger social, artistic, and environmental ferment of the 1960s and 1970s, it demonstrates his profound impact on the shape of landscape architecture and his work’s widening reach into urban and regional development and contemporary sustainability concerns.

This is an important study of one of the most significant figures in 20th century landscape architecture and urban design. Alison Bick Hirsch has written the first significant critical assessment of several of Lawrence Halprin’s most iconic works and the historically important and controversial Take Part workshops. With access to his collected papers and both Halprin prior to his death and his wife, the equally important and innovative modern dancer and choreographer, Anna, Hirsch focuses critical attention upon their collaboration and development on urban ‘scores’ in the tumultuous era of the 1960s and 70s, as well as their dramatic differences.

Laurie D. Olin, partner, The OLIN Studio

One of the most prolific and influential landscape architects of the twentieth century, Lawrence Halprin (1916–2009) was best known for the FDR Memorial in Washington, D.C., and Sea Ranch, the iconic planned community in California. These projects, as well as vibrant public spaces throughout the country—from Ghirardelli Square and Market Street in San Francisco to Lovejoy Fountain Park in Portland and Nicollet Mall in Minneapolis—grew out of a participatory design process that was central to Halprin’s work and is proving ever more relevant to urban design today.

In City Choreographer, urban designer and historian Alison Bick Hirsch explains and interprets this creative process, called the RSVP Cycles, referring to the four components: resources, score, valuation, and performance. With access to a vast archive of drawings and documents, Hirsch provides the first close-up look at how Halprin changed our ideas about urban landscapes. As an urban pioneer, he found his frontier in the nation’s densely settled metropolitan areas during the 1960s. Blurring the line between observer and participant, he sought a way to bring openness to the rigidly controlled worlds of architectural modernism and urban renewal. With his wife, Anna, a renowned avant-garde dancer and choreographer, Halprin organized workshops involving artists, dancers, and interested citizens that produced “scores,” which then informed his designs.

City Choreographer situates Halprin within the larger social, artistic, and environmental ferment of the 1960s and 1970s. In doing so, it demonstrates his profound impact on the shape of landscape architecture and his work’s widening reach into urban and regional development and contemporary concerns of sustainability.

City Choreographer

Alison Bick Hirsch, a landscape and urban designer as well as urban historian and theorist, is assistant professor in landscape architecture at the University of Southern California. She is cofounder and partner of the Foreground design agency, a transdisciplinary practice operating between the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, urbanism, and the visual arts.

City Choreographer

This is an important study of one of the most significant figures in 20th century landscape architecture and urban design. Alison Bick Hirsch has written the first significant critical assessment of several of Lawrence Halprin’s most iconic works and the historically important and controversial Take Part workshops. With access to his collected papers and both Halprin prior to his death and his wife, the equally important and innovative modern dancer and choreographer, Anna, Hirsch focuses critical attention upon their collaboration and development on urban ‘scores’ in the tumultuous era of the 1960s and 70s, as well as their dramatic differences.

Laurie D. Olin, partner, The OLIN Studio

City Choreographer

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction: Scoring the Participatory City

1. The Creative Origins of Larry and Anna Halprin
Part I. Built Work
2. Framing Civic Rituals: Market Street, Nicollet Mall, Heritage Park Plaza
3. Designing with Nature as “Archetypal Precedent”: Portland Open Space Sequence,
Seattle Freeway Park, Manhattan Square Park
Part II. Community Workshops
4. The Take Part Process: Halprin & Associates in Participatory Design
5. Facilitation and/or Manipulation: The Challenges of Taking Part in Fort Worth,
Everett, Charlottesville, and Cleveland

Conclusion: Choreography and the Contemporary City

Notes
Bibliography
Index