Allotment Stories

Indigenous Land Relations under Settler Siege

2021

Daniel Heath Justice and Jean M. O’Brien, Editors
Afterword by Stacy Leeds

More than two dozen essays of Indigenous resistance to the privatization and allotment of Indigenous lands

Allotment Stories collects more than two dozen chronicles of white imperialism and Indigenous resistance. Ranging from the historical to the contemporary and grappling with Indigenous land struggles around the globe, these narratives showcase both scholarly and creative forms of expression, constructing a multifaceted book of diverse perspectives that will inform readers while provoking them toward further research into Indigenous resilience.


Land privatization has been a longstanding and ongoing settler colonial process separating Indigenous peoples from their traditional homelands, with devastating consequences. Allotment Stories delves into this conflict, creating a complex conversation out of narratives of Indigenous communities resisting allotment and other dispossessive land schemes.

From the use of homesteading by nineteenth-century Anishinaabe women to maintain their independence to the role that roads have played in expropriating Guam’s Indigenous heritage to the links between land loss and genocide in California, Allotment Stories collects more than two dozen chronicles of white imperialism and Indigenous resistance. Ranging from the historical to the contemporary and grappling with Indigenous land struggles around the globe, these narratives showcase both scholarly and creative forms of expression, constructing a multifaceted book of diverse disciplinary perspectives. Allotment Stories highlights how Indigenous peoples have consistently engaged creativity to sustain collective ties, kinship relations, and cultural commitments in the face of privatization. At once informing readers while provoking them toward further research into Indigenous resilience, this collection pieces back together some of what the forces of allotment have tried to tear apart.

Contributors: Jennifer Adese, U of Toronto Mississauga; Megan Baker, U of California, Los Angeles; William Bauer Jr., U of Nevada, Las Vegas; Christine Taitano DeLisle, U of Minnesota–Twin Cities; Vicente M. Diaz, U of Minnesota–Twin Cities; Sarah Biscarra Dilley, U of California, Davis; Marilyn Dumont, U of Alberta; Munir Fakher Eldin, Birzeit U, Palestine; Nick Estes, U of New Mexico; Pauliina Feodoroff; Susan E. Gray, Arizona State U; J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, Wesleyan U; Rauna Kuokkanen, U of Lapland and U of Toronto; Sheryl R. Lightfoot, U of British Columbia; Kelly McDonough, U of Texas at Austin; Ruby Hansen Murray; Tero Mustonen, U of Eastern Finland; Darren O’Toole, U of Ottawa; Shiri Pasternak, Ryerson U; Dione Payne, Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki–Lincoln U; Joseph M. Pierce, Stony Brook U; Khal Schneider, California State U, Sacramento; Argelia Segovia Liga, Colegio de Michoacán; Leanne Betasamosake Simpson; Jameson R. Sweet, Rutgers U; Michael P. Taylor, Brigham Young U; Candessa Tehee, Northeastern State U; Benjamin Hugh Velaise, Google American Indian Network.

Raised in traditional Ute territory in Colorado and now living in shíshálh territory in British Columbia, Daniel Heath Justice (Cherokee Nation) is professor of Critical Indigenous Studies and English at the University of British Columbia, xwməθkwəy̓əm territory. He is author of Why Indigenous Literatures Matter and Our Fire Survives the Storm (Minnesota, 2005).



Jean M. O’Brien (White Earth Ojibwe) is Distinguished McKnight and Northrop Professor in the Department of History at the University of Minnesota within Dakota homelands. Her books include Dispossession by Degrees and Firsting and Lasting (Minnesota, 2010).

Contents


Introduction: What’s Done to the People Is Done to the Land


Daniel Heath Justice and Jean M. O’Brien


$85 an Acre


Leanne Betasamosake Simpson


Part I. Family Narrations of Privatization


tʸiptukɨłhɨ wa tʸiptutʸɨˀnɨ, where are you from and where are you going?: patterns, parcels, and place nitspu tiłhin


Sarah Biscarra Dilley


Narrated Nationhood and Imagined Belonging: Fanciful Family Stories and Kinship Legacies of Allotment


Daniel Heath Justice


Making Mahnomen Home: The Dawes Act and Ojibwe Mobility in Grandma’s Stories


Jean M. O’Brien


The World of Paper, Restoring Relations, and the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe


Nick Estes


“What should we do?”: Returning Fractionated Allotments Back to the Tribes, One Family’s Story


Sheryl Lightfoot


Allotment Speculations: The Emergence of Land Memory


Joseph M. Pierce


Interlude: Kinscape


Marilyn Dumont


Part II. Racial and Gender Taxonomies


Blut und Boden: “Mixed-Bloods” and Métis in U.S. Allotment and Canadian Enfranchisement Policies


Darren O’Toole


Extinguishing the Dead: Colonial Anxieties and Metis Scrip at the Fringe of Focus


Jennifer Adese


Makhoìčhe Khiìpi: A Dakota Family Story of Race, Land, and Dispossession before the Dawes Act


Jameson R. Sweet


Anishnaabe Women and the Struggle for Indigenous Land Rights in Northern Michigan, 1836–1887


Susan E. Gray


ᎪᎩ ᎤᏗᏞᎩ ᏗᏛᎪᏗ ᎾᏂᏪᏍᎬ ᎶᎶ: You can hear locusts in the heat of the summer


Candessa Tehee


Interlude: Amikode


Leanne Betasamosake Simpson


Part III. Privatization as State Violence


Itinerant Indigeneities: Navigating Guåhan’s Treacherous Roads Through CHamoru Feminist Pathways


Christine Taitano DeLisle and Vicente M. Diaz


Settler Colonial Purchase: Privatizing Hawaiian Land


J. Kēhaulani Kauanui


The Enduring Confiscation of Indigenous Allotments in the National Interest—Pōkaewhenua 1961–1969


Dione Payne


“Why does a hat need so much land?”


Shiri Pasternak


Stories of American Indian Freedom: The Privatization of American Indian Resources from Allotment to the Present


William Bauer


The Incorporation of Life and Land: The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act


Benjamin Hugh Velaise


Interlude: Long Live Deatnu and the Grand Allotment


Rauna Kuokkanen


Part IV. Resistance and Resurgence


Indigenous and Traditional Rewilding in Finland and Sápmi: Enacting the Rights and Governance of North Karelian ICCAs and Skolt Sámi


Tero Mustonen and Pauliina Feodoroff


Settler Colonial Mexico and Indigenous Primordial Titles


Kelly S. McDonough


“Our Divine Right to Land”: The Struggle against Privatization of Nahua Communal Lands


Argelia Segovia Liga


After Property: The Sakhina Struggle in Late Ottoman and British-ruled Palestine, 1876–1948


Munir Fakher Eldin


How to Get a Home, How to Work, and How to Live


Khal Schneider


Petitioning Allotment: Collectivist Stories of Indigenous Solidarity


Michael Taylor


I do what I do for the language: Land and Choctaw Language and Cultural Revitalization


Megan Baker


Tse Wah Zha Zhi


Ruby Hansen Murray


Afterword: Indigenous Foresight Under Duress and the Modern Applicability of Allotment Agreements


Stacy L. Leeds


Glossary


Contributors


Index