Finland and Europe

The Period of Autonomy and the International Crises, 1808-1914


Juhani Paasivirta
D.G. Kirby, editor
Translated by Anthony F. Upton and Sirkka R. Upton

Juhani Paasivirta was a professor of political history at the University of Turku, Finland.

Anthony F. Upton is Professor Emeritus of
History at St. Salvator’s College, St. Andrews, Scotland. He is the author of The Finnish Revolution, 1917-1918.

D.G. Kirby is a professor in the School of Slavonic Studies, University of London, and the author of Finland in the Twentieth Century.

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