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Life and Thought in the Middle Ages

Robert S. Hoyt, editor

Life and Thought in the Middle Ages

The period of the early Middle Ages - from the fourth to the eleventh centuries - used to be commonly called “the dark ages.” Now that term has been discarded by scholars, who reject its implications as they recognize increasingly, the historical importance of the period. In this volume eight historians, in as many essays, discuss various aspects of the life and thought which prevailed during the centuries which extended from the time of the establishment of Germanic “successor states” in the western provinces of the Roman Empire to the appearnce of some of the economic and feudal institutions which provided a basis for the civilization of the high Middle Ages.

The essay, by showing that a process of assimilation and synthesis of the Roman, Christian, and barbarian elements characterized life in the early Middle Ages, demonstrate that the significance of the period is far better indicated by words like “transition” or “transformation” than by the term “dark ages.”

An essay by the late Professor Adolf Katzenellenbogen of Johns Hopkins University, “The Image of Christ in the Early Middle Ages,” is illustrated with eighteen halftones showing examples of art of the period.

The other essays are “The Barbarian Kings of Lawgivers and Judges” by Katherine Fischer Drew, Rice University; “Of Towns and Trade” by Robert S. Lopez, Yale University; “The Two Levels of Feudalism” by Joseph R. Strayer, Princeton University; “The Life of the Silent Majority” by Lynn White, Jr, University of California at Los Angeles; “Beowulf and Bede” by John C. McGalliard, University of Iowa; “Viking - Tunnit - Eskimo” by the late T. J. Oleson, University of Manitoba; “The Church, Reform, and Renaissance in the Early Middle Ages” by Karl F. Morrison, University of Chicago.

Life and Thought in the Middle Ages

Robert S. Hoyt was a professor of history at the University of Minnesota.

Life and Thought in the Middle Ages

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION by Robert S. Hoyt, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

THE BARBARIAN KINGS AS LAWGIVERS AND JUDGES by Katherine Fischer Drew, RICE UNIVERSITY
OF TOWNS AND TRADE by Robert S. Lopez, YALE UNIVERSITY
THE TWO LEVELS OF FEUDALISM by Joseph R. Strayer, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
THE IMAGE OF CHRIST IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES by Adolf Katzenellenbogen, JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY
Illustrations between pages 70 and 71
THE LIFE OF THE SILENT MAJORITY by Lynn White, Jr., UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES
££OTF£7LFANDBEDEby John C. McGalliard, UNIVERSITY OF IOWA
VIKING—TUNNIT—ESKIMO by T. J. Oleson, UNIVERSITY OP MANITOBA
THE CHURCH, REFORM, AND RENAISSANCE IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES by Karl F. Morrison, UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

INDEX