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MMPI®-2 Overview

Used by clinicians to assist with the diagnosis of mental disorders and the selection of appropriate treatment methods, the MMPI-2 test helps to meet the assessment needs of mental health professionals in an ever-changing environment.

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The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), a revision of the original MMPI (1943) was published by the University of Minnesota Press in 1989 and revised in 2001.  Updates were introduced in 2003 (The Restructured Clinical [RC] Scales) and 2006 (The Symptom Validity [FBS] Scale) documented in a test monograph in 2009.   The MMPI-2 is a self–report instrument designed to aid in the assessment of a wide range of clinical conditions. It is used in nonclinical settings to assess persons who are candidates for high-risk public safety positions (police officers, nuclear power plant personnel, firefighters, pilots, and air-traffic controllers), and in criminal and civil forensic settings. The MMPI-2, like all MMPI instruments, is available for purchase from Pearson Assessments.

MMPI-2 Basic Information

- Authors

2001 Manual:  James N. Butcher, Ph.D., John R. Graham, Ph.D., Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Ph.D., Auke Tellegen, Ph.D., W. Grant Dahlstrom, Ph.D., and Beverly Kaemmer, Coordinator for the Press

2003 RC Scales Test Monograph:  Auke Tellegen, Ph.D.,Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Ph.D., John L. McNulty, Ph.D., Paul A. Arbisi, Ph.D., John R. Graham, Ph.D., and Beverly Kaemmer

2009 FBS Test Monograph:  Yossef S. Ben-Porath, Ph.D., John R. Graham, Ph.D., Auke Tellegen, Ph.D.

- Publisher:  University of Minnesota Press

- Distributor:  Pearson Assessments

- Dates of Publication:  1989, 2001(revised), updated 2003 and 2009

- Administration:  Computer, CD, or paper-and-pencil

- Length:  567 True-False items

- Administration Time:  60-90 minutes

- Minimum Reading Level:  5th grade (Lexile average), 4.6 grade (Flesch-Kincaid)

- Age:  18 years and older

- Norm Group:  Nationwide community sample of adult men and women consists of 1,138 males and 1,462 females between the ages of 18 and 80 from several regions and diverse communities within the U.S.


The Minnesota Report, a comprehensive MMPI-2 Interpretive System, provides professional-to-professional consultation by noted MMPI expert James N. Butcher.