The Moving Image

Association of Moving Image Archivists

The Moving Image
Editor: Devin Orgeron, Editor
The essential source for new thought in this rapidly expanding field.

The Moving Image explores topics relevant to both the media archivist and the media scholar. The Moving Image deals with crucial issues surrounding the preservation, archiving, and restoration of film, video, and digital moving images. The journal features detailed profiles of moving image collections; interpretive and historical essays about archival materials; articles on archival description, appraisal, and access; behind-the-scenes looks at the techniques used to preserve, restore, and digitize moving images; and theoretical articles on the future of the field.

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  • Volume 6 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 6 - Issue 1

    Editor’s Introduction. Jan-Christopher Horak
    The Finesse of the Film Lab: A Report from a Week at Haghefilm. Gabriel M. Paletz
    Context! Context! Context! Describing Moving Images at the Collection Level. Andrea Leigh
    Amateur Video Must Not Be Overlooked. Judi Hetrick
    Storytelling and Archival Material in The Trouble with Merle. Maree Delofski
    Audiovisual Archiving and the World of Tomorrow: Explorations into Accreditation and Certification. Emily Staresina
    The Use of Digital Restoration within European Film Archives: A Case Study. Arianna Turci
    Managing Archival and Manuscript Repositories by Michael J. Kurtz. Society of American Archivists, 2004. Janice Simpson
    Coming Attractions: Reading American Movie Trailers by Lisa Kernan. University of Texas Press, 2004. David Gibson
    Shepperton Babylon: The Lost Worlds of British Cinema by Matthew Sweet. Faber and Faber, 2005. Aubry Anne D’Armino
    A Culture of Light: Cinema and Technology in 1920s Germany by Frances Guerin. University of Minnesota Press, 2005. Michele L. Torre
    Soft Cinema: Navigating the Database by Lev Manovich and Andreas Kratky. MIT Press, 2005. Steve Anderson
    Hindle Wakes (1927), directed by Maurice Elvey. DVD from Milestone Film and Video, 2005. James Kendrick
    And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself, directed by Bruce Beresford. DVD from Warner Home Video, 2003. Gregorio C. Rocha
    Los Rollos perdidos de Pancho Villa / The Lost Reels of Pancho Villa, directed by Gregorio Rocha. SubCine (, 2003. Rita Gonzalez
    Mary Pickford Films on DVD: Heart O' the Hills (1919), M'liss (1918), Suds (1920), Through the Back Door (1922), and Cinderella (1914). Christel Schmidt
    The Blot (1921), directed by Lois Weber; restoration by Photoplay Productions, with a new score by Jim Parker. DVD from Milestone Film and Video, 2004. Drake Stutesman
    The Collected Shorts of Jan Svankmajer, produced by Kimstim Films. DVD from Kino International, 2005. Maureen Furniss
    The Olive Thomas Collection (2005): The Flapper (1920), directed by Alan Crosland, and Olive Thomas: Everybody's Sweetheart (2004), directed by Andi Hicks. DVD from Milestone Film and Video through Image Entertainment, 2005. Michael Baskett
    The Forgotten Films of Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle. DVD from Laughsmith Entertainment and Mackinac Media, 2005. Richard Ward
    Filmmuseum Biennale. Nederlands Filmmuseum, Amsterdam, April 5-10, 2005. Andreas Busche
  • Volume 5 - Issue 2 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 5 - Issue 2

    Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity by Lawrence Lessig. Penguin, 2004. Peter Decherney
    Cinefest. Hamburg, November 13-21, 2004. Ingrid Scheib-Rothbart
    More Treasures from American Fim Archives, 1894-1931.Produced by the National Film Preservation Foundation. Distributed by Image Entertainment, 2004. Thomas Doherty
    The Music from More Treasures from American Film Archives, 1894-1931. Produced by the National Film Preservation Foundation. Distributed by Image Entertainment, 2004. Julie Hubbert
    Legong: Dance of the Virgins. Milestone Film and Video, 2004. Karl G. Heider
    The Film Preservation Guide: The Basics for Archives, Libraries and Museums. National Film Preservation Foundation, 2004 IPI Media Storage Quick Reference by Peter Z. Adelstein. Image Permanence Institute, 2004. Linda Young Elkins
    Hollywood Outsiders: The Adaptation of the Film Industry, 1913-1934 by Anne Morey. University of Minnesota Press, 2003. Patrick Keating
    Policing Cinema: Movies and Censorship in Early-Twentieth-Century America by Lee Grieveson. University of California Press, 2004. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Reframing British Cinema, 1918-1928: Between Restraint and Passion by Christine Gledhill. British Film Institute, 2003. Michele L. Torre.
    Editor’s Foreward. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Charlie Silveus Makes a Quotidian Spectacle: An Exhibitor-Filmmaker and His Local View. Michael Aronson
    The Strange Case of The Fall of Jerusalem: Orphans and Film Identification. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Popular Ethnography and Public Consumption: Sites of Contestation in Museum-Sponsored Expeditionary Film. Amy J. Staples
    Dirty Little Secrets: Scholars, Archivists, and Dirty Movies. Eric Schaefer
    "White Slavery" Versus the Ethnography of "Sexworkers": Women in Stag Films at the Kinsey Archive. Linda Williams
    Home Viewing: Pornography and Amateur Film Collections, A Case Study. Dwight Swanson
    Restoring The Big Parade. Richard P. May
    A Note on "Cinema's Founding Myth". Ray Zone
  • Volume 5 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 5 - Issue 1

    Editor’s Foreward. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Persistence of Vision: Public Library 16mm Film Collections in America. Elena Rossi-Snook
    Using Shooting Scripts for Indexing Moving Images. James M. Turner and Emmanuël Colinet
    The Dawn of Tape: Transmission Device as Preservation Medium. Jeff Martin
    Amateurism and Experiment: The British Film Institute's Experimental Film Fund (1952-1966). Michele Pierson
    Imaging/Imagining Air Force Identity: "Hap" Arnold, Warner Bros., and the Formation of the USAAF First Motion Picture Unit. Douglas Cunningham
    Archival Misadventures at UCLA: The Earliest Years. Raymond Fielding
    Mughal-e-Azam: Restoration-cum-Colorization for 35mm Release. Deepesh Salgia
    In the Mirror of Maya Deren, directed by Martina Kudlácek, 2002. Zeitgeist Films. William C. Wees
    Bright Leaves, produced, directed, filmed, and written by Ross McElwee, 2003. Lawrence F. Rhu
    Decasia: The State of Decay, directed, produced and edited by Bill Morrison. Plexifilm DVD release, 2002. Cindi Rowell
    Masterworks of African Cinema. Kino International DVD Series, 2003. Jeanne Garane
    Winsor McCay: The Master Edition. Cinémathèque Québécoise and Milestone Film & Video, 2004. Mark Langer
    Black, White, and in Color: Television and Black Civil Rights, Sasha Torres. Princeton University Press, 2003. Christine Acham
    Preserve Then Show, edited by Dan Nissen, Lisbeth Richter Larsen, Thomas C. Christensen, and Jesper Stub Johnsen. Danish Film Institute, 2002. James Hahn
    Jean Desmet and the Early Dutch Film Trade, Ivo Blom. Amsterdam University Press, 2003. Beate Pempeit
    Anita Loos Rediscovered: Film Treatments and Fiction by Anita Loos, edited and annotated by Cari Beauchamp and Mary Anita Loos. University of California Press, 2002. J. E. Smyth
    Ethics and the Archival Profession: Introduction and Case Studies, Karen Benedict. The Society of American Archivists, 2003. Lindy Leong
    Orphans 04: On Location: Place and Region in Forgotten Films. University of South Carolina, March 24-27, 2004. Dorian Bowen
    Moving Images and Biography, Conference at Northeast Historic Film Bucksport, Maine, July 30-31, 2004. Mark Neumann
  • Volume 4 - Issue 2 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 4 - Issue 2

    Confronting the Past in the Archival Film and the Contemporary Documentary
    Confronting the Past in the Archival Film and the Contemporary Documentary. Janna Jones
    News That Moves: Accessioning Video for Newspaper Archives. Victoria McCargar
    Preservation of Electronic Media in Libraries, Museums, and Archives. Carey Stumm
    Louise Lovely, Bluebird Photoplays, and the Star System. Jeannette Delamoir
    A Critical View of Some Major Libraries: The Perspective of an Early Cinema Historian. Stephen Bottomore
    Moving History: Promoting Moving Image Archive Collections in an Emerging Digital Age. Frank Gray and Elaine Sheppard
    Raymundo, written and directed by Ernesto Ardito and Virna Molina (2002). Beatriz Flores Gutiérrez
    Dogtown and Z-Boys, directed by Stacy Peralta. Sony Pictures Classics, 2001. Stephen Slappe
    The Phantom of the Opera. Milestone Film & Video/Image Entertainment, 2003. Lee Tsiantis
    Hollywood Quarterly: Film Culture in Postwar America, 1945-1957, edited by Eric Smoodin and Ann Martin. University of California Press, 2002. Anna Siomopoulos
    Ciné-Ethnography, Jean Rouch, edited and translated by Steven Feld. University of Minnesota Press, 2003. Paula Amad
    River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West, Rebecca Solnit. Viking, 2003. Sarah Ziebell Mann
    Appraising Moving Images: Assessing the Archival and Monetary Value of Film and Video Records, Sam Kula. Scarecrow Press, 2003. Robert Vianello
    Computers, Visualization, and History: How New Technology Will Transform Our Understanding of the Past, David J. Staley. M. E. Sharpe, 2003. Patricia R. Zimmermann
    Symposium: Tenth Anniversary Celebration of the Restoration Department at the Fachhochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft. Berlin, November 22, 2003. Anke Mebold
    Rewind/Fast Forward Festival. Miami, June 2003. Christina Lane
    Le Giornate del Cinema Muto 2003. Sacile, October 11-18, 2003. Jerry White
  • Volume 4 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 4 - Issue 1

    Editor’s Foreward. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Coeditor’s Foreward Laura U. Marks
    Showing Different Films Differently: Cinema as a Result of Cinematic Thinking. Stefanie Schulte Strathaus
    Curating and Pedagogy in the Strange Time of Short Film and Video Exhibition. Karyn Sandlos
    The Ethical Presenter, or How to Have Good Arguments over Dinner. Laura U. Marks
    Vision, Authority, Context: Cornerstones of Curation and Programming. Mark Haslam
    A Curator's Conundrum: Programming "Black Film" in 1980s-1990s Britain. June Givanni
    Film Festivals, Programming, and the Building of a National Cinema. Liz Czach
    Lumière's Arrival of the Train: Cinema's Founding Myth. Martin Loiperdinger
    Nitrate Machos vs. Nitrate Nellies: Buccaneer Days at the UCLA Film and Television Archive. Robert S. Birchard
    Some Bald Assertion by an Ignorant and Badly Educated Frenchman: Technology, Film Criticism, and the "Restoration" of Vertigo (1996). Leo Enticknap
    Cinemania. Wellspring Media, 2002. Jennifer Ormson
    Capturing the Friedmans. HBO, Magnolia Pictures, 2003. Snowden Becker
    Le Joueur d'Échecs/The Chess Player. Directed by Raymond Bernard, 1927. Maureen Furniss
    This Film Is Dangerous: A Celebration of Nitrate Film, editor, Roger Smither; associate editor, Catherine A. Surowiec. FIAF, 2002. Janice Simpson
    North of Everything: English-Canadian Cinema since 1980, edited by William Beard and Jerry White. University of Alberta Press, 2003. David Lemieux
    The New Media Book, edited by Dan Harries. BFI Publishing, 2002. Richard L. Edwards
    Wondrous Difference: Cinema, Anthropology, and Turn-of-the-Century Visual Culture, by Alison Griffiths. Columbia University Press, 2002. Sophia Siddique Harvey
    Celluloid Goes Digital. University of Trier, Germany, October 20-23, 2002. Kay Hoffmann
    The Lives of Lola Montès: A Report from the Max Ophüls Beyond Borders Conference. Williamsburg, Virginia, March 27-30, 2003. Gabriel M. Paletz
  • Volume 3 - Issue 2 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 3 - Issue 2

    Film Archives in the Digital Era: New Concepts and New Policies. Archimedia Seminar. Amsterdam, January 16-18, 2003. David Walsh and Paul Read
    War Photographer. Produced, directed, and edited by Christian Frei; produced by Christian Frei Filmproductions, Schweizer Fernsehen DRS, Suissimage; distributed by First Run/Icarus Films, 2001. Tammy Kinsey
    The Emergence of Cinematic Time: Modernity, Contingency, the Archive. Mary Ann Doane. Harvard University Press, 2002. Sharon Lin Tay
    There’s No Place Like Home Video. James M. Moran. University of Minnesota Press, 2002. Liz Czach
    Film Copyright in the European Union. Pascal Kamina. Cambridge University Press, 2002. Steve Leggett
    Encoded Archival Description Tag Library, Version 2002. Ann E. Butler
    Weltwunder der Kinematographie: Film History auf DVD, Vol. 1. Polzer Media Group, 2002. Frances Guerin
    The Pordenone Silent Film Festival. Le Giornate del Cinema Muto, 2002. Hillel Tryster
    Orphans of the Storm III: Listening to Orphan Films. University of South Carolina, September 26-28, 2002. Liz Coffey
    Close Readings: Seeing Amateur Films in Important Ways. Northeast Historic Film Symposium, July 27-28, 2002. Janna Jones
    Editor’s Introduction. Jan-Christopher Horak
    The Mitchell and Kenyon Collection: Rewriting Film History. Vanessa Toulman, Patrick Russell, and Tim Neal
    Sodom and Gomorrah: Notes on a Reconstruction, or Less Is More. Nikolaus Wostry
    Found Footage Film as Discursive Metahistory: Craig Baldwin’s Tribulation 99. Michael Zryd
    Rethinking Rothafel: Roxy’s Forgotten Legacy. Ross Melnick
    Looking at Preservation from the Digital Library Perspective. Carl Fleischauer
    InterPARES: The Search for Authenticity in Electronic Records. Yvette Hackett
  • Volume 3 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 3 - Issue 1

    Ken Burns's America, by Gary R. Edgerton. Palgrave Press, 2001. Richard J. Cox
    Cinema², Il Cinema Ritrovato: Bologna, Italy, July 2002. Elfi Reiter
    Magical History Film and Video Bus Tour, Florida Moving Image Archive, January 2002. Patricia R. Zimmermann
    The Cedar Bar. Alfred Leslie, 2002. Dan Streible
    Grin without a Cat. Chris Marker, France, 1993. Michael Walsh
    Pépé le Moko (1938). Janus Film/Rialto Pictures Release, 2002. Romi Stepovich
    Shackleton Films. Heddi Vaughan Siebel
    Exhibition: The Film Reader, edited by Ina Rae Hark. Routledge Press, 2002. Matthew Bernstein
    Moviegoing in America, edited by Greg Waller. Blackwell Press, 2002. Patricia R. Zimmermann
    Cinema 16: Documents toward a History of the Film Society, by Scott MacDonald. Temple University Press, 2002. Jan-Christopher Horak
    The Death of Cinema: History, Cultural Memory, and the Digital Dark Age, by Paolo Cherchi Usai. British Film Institute, 2001. Alison Trope
    Editor’s Foreword. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Documenting the Process of Film Preservation. Karen F. Gracy
    Preserving African-American Cinema: The Case of The Emperor Jones (1933). Jennie Saxena with contributions from Ken Weissman and James Cozart
    Preserving Pickford: The Mary Pickford Collection and the Library of Congress. Christel Schmidt
    More than Morality: The Indian Cinematograph Committee Interviews (1927). Priya Jaikumar
    Fragmentation and Segmentation in the Lumiére "Animated Views". André Gaudreault with the assistance of Jean-Marc Lamotte
    Film Archiving as a Profession: An Interview with Eileen Bowser. Ronald S. Magliozzi
    Developing Preservation Appraisal Criteria for a Public Broadcasting Station. Mary Ide and Leah Weisse
  • Volume 2 - Issue 2 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 2 - Issue 2

    Off the Record: The Technology and Culture of Sound Recording in America by David Morton. Rutgers University Press, 1999. Jay Beck
    Gao Rang. Directed by Claude Grunspan, produced by Paul Fonteyn (Brussels), Richard Copans (Paris), Saga Films, Les Films d’Ici, Planète, RTBF Charleroi (Télévision Belge), Wallonie Image Production, Triangle 7, 2001. Gina Marchetti
    Toyo Miyatake: Infinite Shades of Gray. Japanese American National Museum Media Arts Center; directed by Robert A. Nakamura, produced by Karen L. Ishizuka, 2001. Jasmine Alinder
    Captured on Film: The True Story of Marion Davies. Timeline Films, in association with UCLA Film and Television Archive, for Turner Classic Movies, 2001. Without Lying Down: Frances Marion and the Power of Women in Hollywood. Chaise Lounge Productions, in conjunction with UCLA Film and Television Archive, 2000. Tinky “Dakota” Weisblat
    Bamboozled. Directed by Spike Lee, produced by Forty Acres & a Mule Filmworks, 2001. Jacqueline Stewart
    Returning the Gaze: A Genealogy of Black Film Criticism, 1909-1949 by Anne Everett. Duke University Press, 2001. Peter Decherney
    American Audiences on Movies and Moviegoing by Tom Stempel. University of Kentucky Press, 2001. George Potamianos
    Hollywood Modernism: Film and Politics in the Age of the New Deal by Saverio Giovacchini. Temple University Press, 2001. Dana Polan
    Editor’s Introduction. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Polavision Instant Movies: Edwin Land's Quest for a New Medium. Elizabeth Czach
    Identifying and Documenting the Small Gauge Image: Researching Rare Footage of a First Nations School in the Canadian West. Rosemary Bergeron
    An Academic Perspective: The Life and Films of John Barnes. Geoff Alexander
    Coming to Terms With New York City's Moving Picture Operators, 1906-1913. Roberta E. Pearson and William Uricchio
    Edison in Quebec (1894-1913): Shedding a Foreign Light on the Origins of Cinema in Canada. Pierre Véronneau
    The UCLA Film and Television Archive: A Retrospective Look. Robert Rosen
    The Edison Home Kinetoscope and its Films. Alan D. Kattelle
    Edison Home Kinetoscope (22mm): A List of Films and Sources. Small Gauge Working Group
    Restoring 22mm Edison Home Kinetoscope Films. Ken Weissman and William O’Farrell
    The Fragile Emulsion. Jon Gartenberg
    The Research Value of Amateur Films: Integrating the Use of Amateur and Found Footage into a Film Production Course. Laura Kissel
  • Volume 2 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 2 - Issue 1

    Editor’s Foreward. Jan-Christopher Horak
    A Film Archive for Canada. David Lemieux
    Home Movies on Freud's Couch. Mark Neumann
    Of Pits and Vaults: The Historiographic Value of Educational Collections in Great Britain. Eef Masson
    Notes on the Proliferation of Metropolis (1927). Martin Koerber
    The Marian Anderson Lincoln Memorial Concert: An Event Re-creation. Andrea Leigh
    OAIS, METS, MPEG-21, and Archival Values. L. J. Smart
    The Robert Youngson Compilations: Identification of Film Sources. Brent Walker
    You Only Live Once: On Being a Troublemaking Professional. Ray Edmondson
    Response to T.A. Kinsey's article on Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc. Tony Pipolo
    Response to Tony Pipolo. Tammy Kinsey
    Masterpieces of Japanese Silent Cinema. Urban Connections, 2000. Michael Baskett
    Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper by Nicholas Baker. Random House, 2001. Paul Narvaez
    Media Marathon: A Twentieth-Century Memoir by Erik Barnouw. Duke University Press, 1996. Media Lost and Found by Erik Barnouw. Fordham University Press, 2001. William T. Murphy
    Restoration of Motion Picture Film edited by Paul Read & Mark-Paul Meyer for the Gamma Group. Butterworth & Heinmann, 2000. Caitlin Hickie
    Sure Seaters: The Emergence of Art House Cinema by Barbara Wilinsky.University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Laura U. Marks
    Orphans of the Storm II: University of South Carolina, March 2001. Melinda Stone and Dwight Swanson
  • Volume 1 - Issue 2 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 1 - Issue 2

    Archival Moving Image Materials: A Cataloging Manual, second edition. AMIM Revision Committee, Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division, 2000. Ellie Waackerman
    Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport. Warner Brothers, 2000. Jan-Christopher Horak
    King of the Jews (2000) and Human Remains (1998). Jay Rosenblatt. Michael Zryd
    Walt Disney's Fantasia: Special 60th Anniversary Edition. Walt Disney Home Video, 2000. Maureen Furniss
    Ventriloquism and Ideology in Ken Burns's Jazz. PBS, 2001. Stephen J. Casmier
    Jazz: A Film by Ken Burns. PBS, 2001. David Klowden
    Treasures from American Film Archives: Fifty Preserved Films. Image Entertainment, 2000. Scott MacQueen
    Exotic Europe: Journeys into Early Cinema. Nederlands Filmmuseum, 2000. Bjørn Sørenssen
    Data Storage Technology Assessment 2000. National Media Laboratory / National Imagery and Mapping Agency, 2000. James M. Turner
    Editor’s Introduction. Jan-Christopher Horak
    The Evolution of American Moving Image Preservation: Defining the Preservation Landscape (1967-1977). Sarah Ziebell Mann
    A History of Early Nitrate Testing and Storage, 1910-1945. Charles “Buckey” Grimm
    Digital Preservation of Moving Image Material? Howard Besser
    Film, History, Film Genre, and Their Discontents: The Case of the Omnibus Film. Mark Betz
    Family in a Can: The Presentation and Preservation of Home Movies in Museums. Snowden Becker
    Home Movies, Found Images, and "Amateur Film" as a Witness to History: Péter Forgács's Private Hungary. Catherine Portuges
    The Essence of Motion: Figure, Frame, and the Racial Body in Early Silent Cinema. Alice Maurice
    Storage and Space: Notes on Collecting, Archiving, and Presenting Digital Moving Image Works. Rudolf Frieling
    Regionally Specific, Globally Significant: Who's Responsible for the Regional Record? Heather Norris Nicholson
  • Volume 1 - Issue 1 Contents Purchase This Issue

    Table of Contents, Volume 1 - Issue 1

    Editor’s Introduction. Jan-Christopher Horak
    The Cinematic Subtext of the Modern Museum: Alfred H. Barr, Film, and the Museum of Modern Art. Haidee Wasson
    Le Cinema pour le cinema: Making a Museum of the Moving Image. Alison Trope
    Archives and Archivists Remade: The Paper Print Collection and The Film of Her. Gabriel M. Paletz
    The Mysterious History and Restoration of Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc. T. A. Kinsey
    Morphing History into Histories: From Amateur Film to the Archive of the Future. Patricia R. Zimmermann
    Toward a Comprehensive Genre Taxonomy. Brian Taves
    Black and Queer Visual Culture: An Annotated Filmography and Reference Guide. Bill Stanford Pincheon
    Mea Culpa: How I Abused the Nitrate in My Life. Sam Kula
    The Dreamer: Remembering James Card. Jan-Christopher Horak
    Visual Style in the Shanghai Films Made by the Lianhua Film Company (United Photoplay Service): 1931-1937. Peter Harry Rist
    Dawn of the Eye. Produced by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), 1997. Ernest J. Dick
    "Disorderly Order”: Colours in Silent Film: The 1995 Amsterdam Workshop, edited by Daan Hertogs and Nico de Klerk. Nederlands Filmmuseum, 1997. James Hahn
    Mental Hygiene: Classroom Films 1945-1970 by Ken Smith. Blast Books, 1999. Gregory Lukow
    Home Movies: A History of the American Industry, 1897-1979 by Alan Kattelle. Transition Publishing, 2000. Jan-Chrstopher Horak
    Big as Life: An American History of 8mm Films, Museum of Modern Art and San Francisco Cinematheque, Foundation for Art in Cinema, 1998. Gregory Lukow
    The Last Nitrate Picture Show: FIAF 2000. Dan Streible