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The Death of Asylum

Hidden Geographies of the Enforcement Archipelago

Author:

Alison Mountz

The Death of Asylum

Investigating the global system of detention centers that imprison asylum seekers and conceal persistent human rights violations


Alison Mountz traces the global chain of remote detention centers used by states of the Global North to confine migrants fleeing violence and poverty, using cruel measures that, if unchecked, will lead to the death of asylum as an ethical ideal. She demonstrates how remote sites curtail the basic human right to seek asylum, forcing refugees to take more dangerous risks.

Remote detention centers confine tens of thousands of refugees, asylum seekers, and undocumented immigrants around the world, operating in a legal gray area that hides terrible human rights abuses from the international community. Built to temporarily house eight hundred migrants in transit, the immigrant “reception center” on the Italian island of Lampedusa has held thousands of North African refugees under inhumane conditions for weeks on end. Australia’s use of Christmas Island as a detention center for asylum seekers has enabled successive governments to imprison migrants from Asia and Africa, including the Sudanese human rights activist Abdul Aziz Muhamat, held there for five years.

 

In The Death of Asylum, Alison Mountz traces the global chain of remote sites used by states of the Global North to confine migrants fleeing violence and poverty, using cruel measures that, if unchecked, will lead to the death of asylum as an ethical ideal. Through unprecedented access to offshore detention centers and immigrant-processing facilities, Mountz illustrates how authorities in the United States, the European Union, and Australia have created a new and shadowy geopolitical formation allowing them to externalize their borders to distant islands where harsh treatment and deadly force deprive migrants of basic human rights.

 

Mountz details how states use the geographic inaccessibility of places like Christmas Island, almost a thousand miles off the Australian mainland, to isolate asylum seekers far from the scrutiny of humanitarian NGOs, human rights groups, journalists, and their own citizens. By focusing on borderlands and spaces of transit between regions, The Death of Asylumshows how remote detention centers effectively curtail the basic human right to seek asylum, forcing refugees to take more dangerous risks to escape war, famine, and oppression.

The Death of Asylum

Alison Mountz is professor and Canada Research Chair in Global Migration in the Balsillie School of International Affairs at Laurier University. She is author of Seeking Asylum: Human Smuggling and Bureaucracy at the Border (Minnesota, 2010), winner of the 2011 Meridian Book Award.


The Death of Asylum

Contents


Asylum: An Obituary


Preface: On Death


Acknowledgments


Introduction: Mapping Death in the Enforcement Archipelago


Acronyms


I. State Mobilities, Physical Death


1. Externalizing Asylum: A Genealogy


2. The Border Becomes the Island


II. Shrinking Spaces, Ontological Death


3. The Island within the Archipelago


4. Remote Detention: Proliferating Patterns of Isolation and Confinement


III. Hidden Geographies, Political Death


5. Mobilizing Islands to Restrict Asylum Onshore in Canada (or the Death of Asylum, Even in Canada)


6.The Struggle: Countering Death with the Life of Activism


Conclusions


Notes


Bibliography


Index