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Medical Necessity

Health Care Access and the Politics of Decision Making

2019
Author:

Daniel Skinner

Medical Necessity

How the politics of “medical necessity” complicates American health care

From medical marijuana to mental health to reproductive politics, the concept of medical necessity underscores many divisive and contentious debates in American health care. Daniel Skinner constructs a comprehensive understanding of the politics of defining this concept, arguing that sustained political engagement with medical necessity is essential to developing a health care system that meets basic public health objectives.

The definition of medical necessity has morphed over the years, from a singular physician’s determination to a complex and dynamic political contest involving patients, medical companies, insurance companies, and government agencies. In this book, Daniel Skinner constructs a comprehensive understanding of the politics of defining this concept, arguing that sustained political engagement with medical necessity is essential to developing a health care system that meets basic public health objectives.

From medical marijuana to mental health to reproductive politics, the concept of medical necessity underscores many of the most divisive and contentious debates in American health care. Skinner’s close reading of medical necessity’s production illuminates the divides between perceptions of medical need as well as how the gatekeeper concept of medical necessity tends to frame medical objectives. He questions the wisdom of continuing to use medical necessity when thinking critically about vexing health care challenges, exploring the possibility that contracts, rights, and technology may resolve the contentious politics of medical necessity.

Skinner ultimately contends that a major shift is needed, one in which health care administrators, doctors, and patients admit that medical necessity is, at its base, a contestable political concept.

Medical Necessity

Daniel Skinner is associate professor of health policy in the Department of Social Medicine at Ohio University’s Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine.

Medical Necessity

Contents

Introduction: A Contentious Term of Medical Decision Making

Abbreviations

1. Medical Necessity? A Definitional, Philosophical, and Historical Question

2. In the Archive: Coding for Necessity and the Necessity of Coding

3. “No Legitimate Use”: Marijuana and the Bounds of the Medical

4. Contesting the “Medical” Necessity for Mental Health

5. Reproductive Politics: The Cases of C-Section and Abortion

Conclusion: Embracing the Politics of Medical Necessity

Acknowledgments

Notes

Index