Decarcerating Disability

Deinstitutionalization and Prison Abolition

2020
Author:

Liat Ben-Moshe

READ THE INTRODUCTION

BOOK DISCUSSION GUIDE

VIDEO DISCUSSION: LIAT BEN-MOSHE, ERICA MEINERS, AND DEAN SPADE

This vital addition to carceral, prison, and disability studies draws important new links between deinstitutionalization and decarceration

Liat Ben-Moshe provides case studies that show how prison abolition is not an unattainable goal but rather a reality, and how it plays out in different arenas of incarceration—antipsychiatry, the field of intellectual disabilities, and the fight against the prison-industrial complex. Her analysis of lived experience, history, and culture charts a way out of a failing system of incarceration.

"Decarcerating Disability is a groundbreaking feminist study of the affinities, interrelations, and contradictions between prison abolition and psychiatric deinstitutionalization. Emphasizing the need for a more expansive field of critical carceral studies, Liat Ben-Moshe compellingly demonstrates the important lessons we can discover through serious engagements with radical disability movements. Scholars and activists alike should read this book without delay!"
—Angela Y. Davis, University of California, Santa Cruz

Prison abolition and decarceration are increasingly debated, but it is often without taking into account the largest exodus of people from carceral facilities in the twentieth century: the closure of disability institutions and psychiatric hospitals. Decarcerating Disability provides a much-needed corrective, combining a genealogy of deinstitutionalization with critiques of the current prison system.

Liat Ben-Moshe provides groundbreaking case studies that show how abolition is not an unattainable goal but rather a reality, and how it plays out in different arenas of incarceration—antipsychiatry, the field of intellectual disabilities, and the fight against the prison-industrial complex. Ben-Moshe discusses a range of topics, including why deinstitutionalization is often wrongly blamed for the rise in incarceration; who resists decarceration and deinstitutionalization, and the coalitions opposing such resistance; and how understanding deinstitutionalization as a form of residential integration makes visible intersections with racial desegregation. By connecting deinstitutionalization with prison abolition, Decarcerating Disability also illuminates some of the limitations of disability rights and inclusion discourses, as well as tactics such as litigation, in securing freedom.

Decarcerating Disability’s rich analysis of lived experience, history, and culture helps to chart a way out of a failing system of incarceration.

Awards

National Women Studies Association — Alison Piepmeier Book Prize – Honorable Mention

Society for the Study of Social Problems — C. Wright Mills Book Award – Finalist

American Studies Association — Lora Romero First Book Prize – Finalist

Liat Ben-Moshe is assistant professor of criminology, law, and justice at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She is coeditor of Disability Incarcerated: Imprisonment and Disability in the United States and Canada.

Decarcerating Disability is a groundbreaking feminist study of the affinities, interrelations, and contradictions between prison abolition and psychiatric deinstitutionalization. Emphasizing the need for a more expansive field of critical carceral studies, Liat Ben-Moshe compellingly demonstrates the important lessons we can discover through serious engagements with radical disability movements. Scholars and activists alike should read this book without delay!

Angela Y. Davis, University of California, Santa Cruz

In Decarcerating Disability, Liat Ben-Moshe carefully and incisively models an intersectional approach to abolition grounded in feminist, queer, and crip of color critique. Moving beyond demands for inclusion and critiques of overrepresentation, Ben-Moshe makes a powerful and persuasive case for a disability studies that recognizes state violence as central to its work and the carceral industrial complex as a site for queer coalitions for racial and disability justice. In so doing, she paves the way for thinking not only disability and disability studies differently, but also liberation itself.

Alison Kafer, University of Texas at Austin

Decarcerating Disability is a must-read for anyone interested in understanding and dismantling the interlocking systems of incarceration that shape the contemporary political landscape and shorten so many lives. Liat Ben-Moshe shows how the effectiveness of abolitionist work has been limited by the marginalization of disability and anti-sanism analysis and advocacy. She not only exposes how much contemporary abolitionists have to learn from historical struggles for deinstitutionalization, she also demonstrates a more truly intersectional method of abolitionist scholar-activism that we urgently need. This book is both a corrective intervention and a path-breaking tool for developing better strategy toward the world that those who seek liberation are fighting to build.

Dean Spade, Seattle University School of Law

Ben-Moshe outlines how people fought for a new paradigm in mental health treatment before. Beginning in the 1960s, widespread deinstitutionalization sparked by disability activists shut down asylums across the country. Many see this movement now as a failure because it led to more people with mental illness being herded into jails and prisons. But Ben-Moshe argues that this was a pivotal step in abolition by grassroots organizing.

Teen Vogue

Examining decarceration and deinstitutionalisation within the same frame is vitally important...the book challenges us to think about the range of carceral facilities that exist.

Race & Class

A groundbreaking connection between disability justice and prison abolition.

Public Books

Decarcerating Disability should be read not only by students and scholars of African-American studies, criminology, critical theory, gender studies, law, or sociology, nor only by policy makers, but by all who are concerned about disability, gender, or racial justice.

American Journal of Sociology

Each chapter of Decarcerating Disability serves as a fantastic example of the knowledges, perspectives, and genealogies that are made possible when disability and madness are the lenses through which a queer of color critique is engaged.

Disability Studies Quarterly

Decarcerating Disability is an impressive text that powerfully argues for robust coalitional politics to challenge the logic of incarceration. Entire syllabi and reading groups can be structured around this text as Ben-Moshe opens up much to consider, especially how to effectively demand carceral-free futures, while also valuing disability.

Ethnic Studies Review

Decarcerating disability: Deinstitutionalization and prison abolition is a

bold and challenging critical intervention, which puts critical disability studies, deinstitutionalisation, decarceration, and abolition theory and scholarship into closer conversation with each other. In so doing, the book has pushed these fields forward in new and, interesting ways. The book’s strongest contribution is its attempt to transform, redefine, and reframe what disability studies is and can be about, its appeal to frame and address issues of incarceration and decarceration as disability and carceral abolition issues, and the generative groundwork laid for fostering coalitional, liberatory politics and ideas.

Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology

[A]n important book that offers both a sweeping genealogy of disability and its

entangled history with race and incarceration, and rallying cry for abolitionism.

Journal of Constructivist Psychology

Ben-Moshe offers a detailed history of institutionalization and incarceration primarily in the United States. In putting institutionalization and incarceration in conversation, Ben-Moshe offers a larger consideration around the systems that keep certain individuals enclosed and the implications of deinstitutionalization as a movement versus louder for total prison abolition. A major intervention of Ben-Moshe’s book is the different approaches to and opinions of institutions as opposed to prison systems across the United States.

Work in Critical and Cultural Theory

Ben-Moshe articulates responses to many of the common questions that abolitionists face, including: what to do about interpersonal or community safety; are non-carceral solutions practicable; why are certain people and behaviors criminalized; and, in the words of Angela Davis, what kind of “social landscape” would non-carcerality necessitate and entail.

Rampant Magazine

The objectives and contributions of this book are multiple and complex, making for an impressive project... Ben-Moshe’s book delivers on the ambitious goals she charts in the introduction.

E3W Ethnic and Third World Literatures

The book contributes a wealth of important insights and will be of interest to a broad audience from such disciplines as criminology, law, justice, and history.

H-Disability

Contents

List of Abbreviations

Introduction: The Case for Intersecting Disability, Imprisonment, and Deinstitutionalization

1. The Perfect Storm: Origin Stories of Deinstitutionalization

2. Abolition in Deinstitutionalization: Normalization and the Myth of Mental Illness

3. Abolition as Knowledge and Ways of Unknowing

4. Why Prisons Are Not “the New Asylums”

5. Resistance to Inclusion and Community Living: NIMBY, Desegregation, and Race-Ability

6. Political and Affective Economies of Closing Carceral Enclosures

7. Decarcerating through the Courts: Past, Present, and Future of Institutional and Prison Litigation

Epilogue: Abolition Now

Acknowledgments

Notes

Index

Decarcerating Disability is also available as an audiobook.