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MMPI-A Scales


The 478-ITEM MMPI-A CONSISTS OF 105 SCALES

Validity Indicators
Clinical Scales 
Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion Subscales)
Content Scales 
Content Component Subscales 
Supplementary Scales


Validity Indicators

? (CNS) - Cannot Say (reported as a raw score)
VRIN      - Variable Response Inconsistency
TRIN      - True Response Inconsistency
F             - Infrequency
F1           - Infrequency 1
F2           - Infrequency 2
L             - Lie
K             - Correction

Clinical Scales

1 Hs - Hypochondriasis
2 D   - Depression
3 Hy - Hysteria
4 Pd - Psychopathic Deviate
5 Mf - Masculinity / Femininity
6 Pa - Paranoia
7 Pt  - Psychasthenia
8 Sc - Schizophrenia
9 Ma- Hypomania
0 Si  - Social Introversion


Clinical Subscales

Harris-Lingoes Subscales

D1   - Subjective Depression
D2   - Psychomotor Retardation
D3   - Physical Malfunctioning
D4   - Mental Dullness
D5   - Brooding
Hy1 - Denial of Social Anxiety
Hy2 - Need for Affection
Hy3 - Lassitude-Malaise
Hy4 - Somatic Complaints
Hy5 - Inhibition of Aggression
Pd1 - Familial Discord
Pd2 - Authority Problems
Pd3 - Social Imperturbability
Pd4 - Social Alienation
Pd5 - Self-Alienation
Pa1 - Persecutory Ideas
Pa2 - Poignancy
Pa3 - Naïveté
Sc1 - Social Alienation
Sc2 - Emotional Alienation
Sc3 - Lack of Ego Mastery-Cognitive
Sc4 - Lack of Ego Mastery-Conative
Sc5 - Lack of Ego Mastery-Defective Inhibition
Sc6 - Bizarre Sensory Experiences
Ma1-Amorality
Ma2- Psychomotor Acceleration
Ma3- Imperturbability
Ma4- Ego Inflation

Social Introversion Subscales

Si1 - Shyness/Self-Consciousness
Si2 - Social Avoidance
Si3 - Alienation - Self and Others


Content Scales

A-anx  - Anxiety
A-obs  - Obsessiveness
A-dep - Depression
A-hea - Health Concerns
A-aln   - Alienation
A-biz   - Bizarre Mentation
A-ang - Anger
A-cyn  - Cynicism
A-con  - Conduct Problems
A-lse   - Low Self-Esteem
A-las   - Low Aspirations
A-sod - Social Discomfort
A-fam -  Family Problems
A-sch  - School Problems
A-trt     - Negative Treatment Indicators

Content Component Scales

A-dep1 -Dysphoria
A-dep2 -Self-Depreciation
A-dep3 -Lack of Drive
A-dep4 -Suicidal Ideation
A-hea1 -Gastrointestinal Symptoms
A-hea2 -Neurological Symptoms
A-hea3 -General Health Concerns
A-aln1  -Misunderstood
A-aln2  -Social Isolation
A-aln3  -Interpersonal Skepticism
A-biz1  - Psychotic Symptomatology
A-biz2  - Paranoid Ideation
A-ang1- Explosive Behavior
A-ang2 -Irritability
A-cyn1 - Misanthropic Beliefs
A-cyn2 - Interpersonal Suspiciousness
A-con1 -Acting-Out Behaviors
A-con2 -Antisocial Attitudes
A-con3 -Negative Peer Group Influence
A-lse1  - Self-Doubt
A-lse2  - Interpersonal Submissiveness
A-las1  - Low Achievement Orientation
A-las2  - Lack of Initiative
A-sod1 -Introversion
A-sod2 -Shyness
A-fam1 -Family Discord
A-fam2 -Familial Alienation
A-sch1 - School Conduct Problems
A-sch2 - Negative Attitudes
A-trt1 -    Low Motivation
A-trt2 -    Inability to Disclose


Supplementary Scales

MAC-R -MacAndrew-Revised
ACK -     Alcohol / Drug Problem Acknowledgement
PRO -     Alcohol / Drug Problem Proneness
IMM -      Immaturity
A -           Anxiety
R -          Repression

PSY-5 (Personality Psychopathology Five)

AGGR -  Aggressiveness
PSYC -  Psychoticism
DISC -   Disconstraint
NEGE -  Negative Emotionality / Neuroticism
INTR -    Introversion / Low Positive Emotionality