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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


1.    What references are included in the MMPI Reference Database?

The database is a digital bibliography that includes all scholarly books, articles, and dissertations related to the development and application of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory beginning in 1939. The database is updated monthly to add current references.


2.    What is the purpose of this database?

It was compiled in order to provide researchers and other test users access to a comprehensive database of all MMPI-related references. By searching the database, users can find a variety of references, including books, book chapters, journal articles, and dissertations. Users can then export them to create a customized list.


3.    What citation format is used on the database?

APA 6th Edition formatting is used to create the citations.


4.    How do I find all of the scholarly work written by one author?

Users can access all MMPI-related references by an author by entering the author's last name in the “Author” or “General Search” fields. To search for references written by multiple authors,  combine the authors’ last names with “AND”. To search for articles by either one of two (or more) authors, separate the authors' last names with "OR." 


5.    I’m using the “General Search” tool on the "Search" page, why is my search not yielding any results?

Try using fewer or broader search terms in the text box. For example, “college” yields more results than “college students.” To remove words from a current search, simply delete them and click "Search" again.


6.    I am interested in researching a specific topic. How can I use the database to find references related to my topic?

Enter search terms into the “General Search” field on the search page of the bibliography. Then select an article you're interested in, and a list of "Keywords" appears below the reference information. Click on a keyword to see all references associated with that topic, which you can further sort by author, publication year, or title. To see additional keywords associated with your search results, explore the "Keywords" cluster in the left hand navigation. 


7.    My search result yielded a reference that I’d like to save. Is there an easy way to do this?

Yes. Click on the reference, then select “Export Bibliography” at the bottom of the page.


8.    I’ve clicked the “Export Bibliography" option. How do I know which export format to select?

Choose an export format that is supported by the reference management software you use. For example, BibTeX is compatible with a number of free and licensed programs, including, but not limited to, Citavi, Mendeley, ref base, RefWorks, and Zotero. EndNote export format works with Mendeley and EndNote, among others. RIS works with EndNote, Mendeley, refbase, Reference Manager, and Zotero. XML works with Citavi, ref base, and Zotero. If you have specific questions about which format to use, contact


9.    Can I export multiple references at the same time?

Currently, you can export an entire year of references by selecting a decade range along the left hand navigation, then selecting a specific year, scrolling to the bottom of the page, and clicking “Export Bibliography.” Even more export options will be coming soon.


10. I am working on a research paper and want to create a customized reference list. Can I do that with this database?

Yes, this database is compatible with Zotero, a free reference management tool, among many others (as noted in #8). If you are not currently using a reference management tool, we recommend downloading Zotero. Follow the instructions to easily compile your own custom bibliography.