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Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700

1984
Author:

Lyle N. McAlister

Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700

A narrative and interpretive history of Spanish and Portuguese exploration, settlement, and colonization of the Americas.

A narrative and interpretive history of Spanish and Portuguese exploration, settlement, and colonization of the Americas.

Spanish and Portuguese expansion substantially altered the social, political, and economic contours of the modern world. In his book, Lyle McAlister provides a narrative and interpretive history of the exploration and settlement of the Americas by Spain and Portugal.

McAlister divides this period (and the book) into three parts. First, he describes the formation of Old World societies with particular attention to those features that influenced the directions and forms of overseas expansion. Second, he traces the dynamic processes of conquest and colonization that between 1492 and about 1570 firmly established Spanish and Portuguese dominion in the New World. The third part deals with colonial growth and consolidation down to about 1700. McAlister’s main themes are: the post-conquest territorial expansion that established the limits of what later came to be called Latin America, the emergence of distinctively Spanish and Portuguese American societies and economies, the formation of systems of imperial control and exploitation, and the ways in which conflicts between imperial and American interests were reconciled.

This comprehensive history, with its extensive bibliographic essay and attention to historiographic issues, will be a standard reference for students and scholars of the period.

Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700

Lyle N. McAlister earned his doctorate in history at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1950, and taught for many years at the University of Florida, where he was Distinguished Service Professor of History. He was director of the Center for Latin American Studies at Florida in the mid-1960s, and in 1972 chaired the Conference on Latin American History. McAlister is the author of The Fuero Militar in New Spain, 1764-1800, and editor and principal author of The Military in Latin American Sociopolitical Evolution.

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